Period Cramps: What Causes Pain
Why cramps? Causes and treatments. If a woman doesn’t become pregnant during her cycle, the lining of the uterus (endometrium) breaks down and hormones are released. These hormones, prostaglandins, tell the muscles of the uterus to squeeze the lining out. These muscles are the same ones that push a baby out during childbirth, so they are very strong. Some women may have a lot of prostaglandin, which makes their muscles squeeze faster and harder. It’s believed that this is why we get cramps. What a doctor would do about cramps:
Hormone treatments—some doctors give patients birth control pills to keep them from ovulating. If you don’t ovulate, you probably won’t get cramps. Anti-prostaglandins—these are drugs that reduce the effect of prostaglandins (the hormones mentioned above) and a doctor may prescribe them for you. Surgery—in an extreme case, for example when severe cramps are caused by endometriosis, a doctor may perform surgery with a laser.
Learn about period cramp and get helpful tips and advice from teen girls at BeingGirl.